Sexual Harassment

BP 5145.70


Positive School Environment

  Note:  Districts should be aware that when a student misses school or withdraws from a course to avoid sexual harassment, he/she may be deprived of equal educational opportunities.

 Note: In 1999, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a school district can be liable under Title IX when staff members ignore student-to-student sexual harassment. The court found that school districts can be liable when school officials know about and are deliberately indifferent to sexual harassment "so severe, pervasive, and objectively offensive that it can be said to deprive the victim of access to the educational opportunities or benefits provided by the school." This ruling makes it more important than ever to educate students and staff on preventing and handling student-to-student sexual harassment. By setting a liability standard based on "deliberate indifference," the Court has made it possible for school districts to mount a defense based on a policy defining and prohibiting sexual harassment and a grievance procedure that is readily accessible to students.


The School Board recognizes that sexual harassment can cause embarrassment, feelings of powerlessness, loss of self-confidence, reduced ability to perform schoolwork, and increased absenteeism or tardiness.

To promote an environment free of sexual harassment, the principal or designee shall take appropriate actions such as removing vulgar or offending graffiti, establishing site rules, and providing staff inservice or student instruction and counseling. Teachers shall discuss this policy with their students in age-appropriate ways and shall assure them that they need not endure any form of sexual harassment. 

cf. 5131.5 - Vandalism, Theft and Graffiti
cf. 5137 - Positive School Climate

The Board shall not tolerate the sexual harassment of any student by any other student or any district employee or another person in the school environment. Any student or employee who is found guilty of sexual harassment shall be subject to disciplinary action.

cf. 4119.11 - Sexual Harassment
cf. 4118 - Suspension/Disciplinary Action
cf. 5144 - Discipline
cf. 5144.1 - Suspension and Expulsion/Due Process

Students or staff should immediately report incidences of sexual harassment to the principal or designee. The Superintendent or designee shall promptly investigate each complaint of sexual harassment in a way that ensures the privacy of all parties concerned. In no case shall the student be required to resolve the complaint directly with the offending person. Notice of this policy will be circulated to all district schools and departments and incorporated in teacher and student handbooks. 

cf. 0410 - Nondiscrimination in District Programs and Activities
cf. 1312 - Complaints Concerning Discrimination

The District's administration shall adopt Administrative Regulations which delineate the conduct which is prohibited and which otherwise implements and effectuates this policy.


Prohibition of Sexual Harassment

As detailed in the District’s Policy Against Sexual Harassment (including Administrative Regulations implementing that policy), it shall be a violation of these prohibitions for any student or employee of the District, or for another person in the school environment, to engage or participate in sexual harassment, sexual misconduct or any other form of sexual discrimination in the school environment. Any student who is found to have engaged in such prohibited conduct shall be subject to disciplinary action as provided for in District policy and Alaska law, the possible consequences of which can be up to and including suspension or expulsion from school. Any employee who is found to have engaged in such prohibited conduct will be subject to disciplinary action, pursuant to District policy and applicable law, the demotion or discharge from employment. Other individuals whose behavior is found to be in violation of this policy will be subject toappropriate sanctions as determined and imposed by the Superintendent or Board of Education.

The District’s administration shall adopt appropriapriate Administrative Regulations which delineate the conduct which is prohibited and which otherwise implements and effectuates these prohibitions. 

cf. AR 5131 - Code of Conduct


Legal Reference:

Davis v. Monroe County Bd. of Educ., 119 S.Ct. 1661 (1999)
Ellison v. Brady, 924 F.2d 872 (9th Cir., 1991)
Franklin v. Gwinnett, 503 U.S. 60 (1992)
Meritor Savings Bank v. Vision, 477 U.S. 57 (1986)


Adoption Date:  10/13/99
Revision Date: 5/22/2019